Australia's Muslim Cameleers
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Origin by Place:Uncertain
Origin by Ethnicity:Uncertain
Origin by Religion:Muslim
Australian Descendants:No


Shopkeeper in Fremantle, W.A. (Western Australian, 9 Feb. 1888). Brought to Australia with consignment of camels by HADJI (see above) on Abergeldie. Known as a man 'of superior education and intelligence'. Subjected to racial abuse by Perth 'larrikins' in Sept. 1888 and letter of protest written in his defence by Indian-born army lieutenant (West Australian 24 Sept 1888, p.3). Accorded status of Mullah, resolved dispute over rugs stolen after Ramadan festival, 1896 (West Australian 1 June 1896, p.2); described as 'Mohammedan priest', spiritual adviser at Fremantle Gaol to GHULAM MUHAMMAD, condemned to death for murder of TAJ MUHAMMAD, later officiating at the funeral, together with HAFIZ (HOFFIE) MUHAMMAD HYATH (West Australian 4 May 1896, p.2). An earlier letter to the editor described MIRZAH KHAN as a 'lay reader' only, respected for his 'erudition in Mahommedan religious knowledge', but 'repudiate[d] as our religious representative in Perth'. That status accorded to HAFIZ MUHAMMAD HYATH (= AY AT). (West Australian 21 Mar. 1896, p.3)

Employment & Occupation
  • Cameleer
  • Mullah
  • Muslim religious leader
  • Storekeeper
Known Localities in Australia References

Western Australian, 9 Feb. 1888; West Australian 24 Sept 1888, p.3; West Australian 1 June 1896, p.2; West Australian 4 May 1896, p.2; West Australian 21 Mar. 1896, p.3

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